Lycidas: Poem summary and Analysis

Lycidas by John Milton also known as “Monody” (a poem lamenting a person`s death, (समाधिवाला गीत) is an elegy written in 1637, to lament the accidental death of Edward king.

 Edward king was a poet and John Milton`s friend in Cambridge, who drowned when his ship sank in the Irish sea off the coast of Wales in August 1637.

Lycidas is a poem dedicated to Edward king by John Milton.

Lycidas is a character name of Edward king.

The theme of the poem is mournful which reflects sadness.

The poem Lycidas divided into six sections (I) a prologue, (II) four main parts and (III) an epilogue.

 Milton give us speculation on nature`s death.

 Lycidas is a conventional pastoral elegy, which has its origin in the loss of a friend.

The poem becomes impersonal and timeless.

The elegiac mourning is twice interrupted to invest the personal sorrow with universal significance.

Lycidas is undoubtedly one of the greatest short poems in English language.

Lycidas is a short poem, there are approximately 200 lines.

In terms of literary device Lycidas is written in iambic pentameter. And the rhyme scheme is switches to ottava rima ABABABCC.

The shift from one form to the other reflects the entrance of the new voice.

The arc of the rhyme scheme reflects the poet`s fluctuating emotions throughout Lycidas.

After the oscillating rhyme schemes, the closing couplet in Ottawa rima provides a sense of closure and use of personification can be seen in Lycidas too.

Despite qualifying very effectively as an elegy Lycidas is inclusive of certain broader issues as well.

The poem also discourses the concept of social, religious, literary and philosophic interest like those of condition of church degradation of poetry futility of human efforts and more.

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